NAID 521309

In the aftermath of the boll-weevil infestation cotton cultivation decreased as more and more Putnam County farmers and tenants also switched to dairying. Milk production was quite profitable and unlike cotton, the cash income was distributed throughout the year. Dairying also had the advantage of not requiring a large labor force. African-American tenant farmers lacked the acreage and the capital to purchase herds and to comply with milk production/distribution regulations. Hence, many tenants continued to rely on growing cotton or the farming decisions of the landowner. Some tenants were able to sell the milk they normally would have consumed. As Waller noted in 1941, however, most tenants continued to see only a subsistence level of living. (NAID 521309)

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