Malcolm X (May 19, 1925–February 21, 1965), Black Muslim minister and prominent figure in the Nation of Islam (NOI), advocated for black self-determination and racial pride. In the mid-1960s, he broke with the NOI and began to support the efforts of the civil rights movement. Malcolm X was assassinated while addressing the Organization of Afro-American Unity in New York City, a group he formed to fight for human rights of African Americans.
On June 14, 1963, a group of activists gathered outside of the Department of Justice to protest the recent murder of Mississippi Civil Rights leader Medgar Evers and to demand civil rights legislation. Malcolm X and members of the Nation of Islam (NOI) joined the protest. This image shows Malcolm X holding the Muhammad Speaks newspaper at the protest and speaking out for black justice. The photograph is from RG 306 Staff and Stringer Photographs, 1949–1969 (NAID 541989) series.